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 What methods will be used for placement of concrete?

  • Sub-base preparation
    • Ensure that the quality of the stone base is acceptable to allow the concrete to float independently of the ground.
  • Drill and dowel
    • If necessary, drill into the foundation of the surrounding structure, install 1/2" or 5/8" rebar in the middle of the poured slab and in foundation to prevent heaving of slab during freeze-thaw cycles.
  • Thickness of slab
    • Determined by amount of load distress site will be experiencing

The Proper Installation of Concrete

Newly Installed Stamped "English Cobblestone" Concrete

Concrete Overlay with Stamped "Chiseled Slate" Concrete Application

Concrete Removal and Replacement

When concrete shows signs of wearing such as deep widespread cracking, spalling, sinking, frost-heave or any other surface deterioration, complete removal and replacement of the concrete may be necessary. At this stage, improving the structural integrity of the slab is our main goal. In most cases, a concrete overlay or resurfacing product is a short term repair, as the concrete surface would show signs of the same types of deterioration soon after the repair was made.

Stamped Concrete

Stamped concrete could be referred to as textured or imprinted concrete that is made to look like stone, slate, cobblestone, or flagstone, and even brick or wood. By adding base colors to the concrete prior to placement, then applying a release color to create a cost-effective, natural, and authentic look, concrete can assume any color, shape, design, pattern, or texture through the use of stamped concrete.

  What type of reinforcement will be used?

  • Rebar
    • Steel bar used as a tension device within concrete applications to strengthen and hold the concrete in place
  • Wire mesh
    • Similar to rebar, however, commonly used in flatwork applications and provides larger surface coverage
  • Fiber
    • Typically, contains glass fibrous material that greatly increase the structural integrity of concrete. It contains short discrete fibers that are uniformly distributed and randomly oriented.

Concrete solutions

Common Repair Methods and Installation Techniques

     What concrete mix design will be used?

  • 5 bag (3000psi) or 6 bag (3500psi) mix
    • Amount of Portland cement bags used per yard which dictates compression strength of concrete
  • 5% to 8% air-entrainment
    • Air added during concrete mix process to help prevent spalling in the winter time
  • 3 to 5 inch slump
    • Involved in consisitency of concrete and dictiates how firm the concrete will be. For example, a 3" slump could be used for curbs, where a 5" slump may be used for concrete sidewalks and patios.

Concrete Overlay

When surface imperfections are present in existing concrete, a concrete overlay may be the most cost-effective method of repair in opposition to removal and replacement. Many of today's overlay systems combine polymer resins with cement and additives to improve wear resistance and aesthetic qualities. Concrete overlays may be applied as thin as 1/16th of an inch thick up to several inches. Additionally, concrete overlays are often done in conjunction with stamped concrete applications.